By following these simple tips one can save energy to a large extent.
Lighting

  • Turn off the lights when not in use
  • Take advantage of daylight by using light-colored, loose-weave curtains on your windows to allow daylight to penetrate the room. Also, decorate with lighter colors that reflect daylight
  • De-dust lighting fixtures to maintain illumination
  • Use task lighting; instead of brightly lighting an entire room, focus the light where you need it
  • Compact fluorescent bulbs are four times more energy efficient than incandescent bulbs and provide the same lighting
  • Use electronic chokes in place of conventional copper chokes

Fans

  • Replace conventional regulators with electronic regulators for ceiling fans
  • Install exhaust fans at a higher elevation than ceiling fans

Electric iron

  • Select iron boxes with automatic temperature cutoff
  • Use appropriate regulator position for ironing
  • Do not put more water on clothes while ironing
  • Do not iron wet clothes

Kitchen Appliances
 Mixers

  • Avoid dry grinding in your food processors ( mixers and grinders) as it takes longer time than liquid grinding

Microwaves ovens

  • Consumes 50 % less energy than conventional electric / gas stoves
  • Do not bake large food items
  • Unless you're baking breads or pastries, you may not even need to preheat
  • Don't open the oven door too often to check food condition as each opening leads to a temperature drop of 25°C

 Electric stove

  • Turn off electric stoves several minutes before the specified cooking time
  • Use flat-bottomed pans that make full contact with the cooking coil

Gas stove

  • When cooking on a gas burner, use moderate flame settings to conserve LPG
  • Remember that a blue flame means your gas stove is operating efficiently
  • Yellowish flame is an indicator that the burner needs cleaning
  • Use pressure cookers as much as possible
  • Use lids to cover the pans while cooking
  • Bring items taken out of refrigerators (like vegetables, milk etc) to room temperature before placing on the gas stove for heating
  • Use Solar Water Heater – a good replacement for a electric water heater

Electronic Devices

  • Do not switch on the power when TV and Audio Systems are not in use i.e. idle operation leads to an energy loss of 10 watts/device
  • Computers
  • Turn off your home office equipment when not in use. A computer that runs 24 hours a day, for instance, uses - more power than an energy-efficient refrigerator.
  • If your computer must be left on, turn off the monitor; this device alone uses more than half the system's energy.
  • Setting computers, monitors, and copiers to use sleep-mode when not in use helps cut energy costs by approximately 40%.
  • Battery chargers, such as those for laptops, cell phones and digital cameras, draw power whenever they are plugged in and are very inefficient. Pull the plug and save.
  • Screen savers save computer screens, not energy. Start-ups and shutdowns do not use any extra energy, nor are they hard on your computer components. In fact, shutting computers down when you are finished using them actually reduces system wear - and saves energy


Air Conditioners

  • Prefer air conditioners having automatic temperature cut off
  • Keep regulators at “low cool” position
  • Operate the ceiling fan in conjunction with your window air conditioner to spread the cooled air more effectively throughout the room and operate the air conditioner at higher temperature
  • Seal the doors and windows properly
  • Leave enough space between your air conditioner and the walls to allow better air circulation
  • A roof garden can reduce the load on Air Conditioner
  • Use windows with sun films/curtains
  •  Set your thermostat as high as comfortably possible in the summer. The less difference between the indoor and outdoor temperatures, the lower will be energy consumption.
  • Don't set your thermostat at a colder setting than normal when you turn on your air conditioner. It will not cool your home any faster and could result in excessive cooling.
  • Don't place lamps or TV sets near your air-conditioning thermostat. The thermostat senses heat from these appliances, which can cause the air conditioner to run longer than necessary.
  • Plant trees or shrubs to shade air-conditioning units but not to block the airflow. A unit operating in the shade uses as much as 10% less electricity than the same one operating in the sun.